# HOW TO TEACH WORD PROBLEMS TO 2ND GRADERS

Teaching word problems is a tricky concept because there are many steps that students need to follow to problem solve effectively.

They need to understand the mathematical vocabulary, write a number sentence, determine which operation to attach to sum, which strategy to use, work out the problem and finally answer using a number and words… that’s cognitive overload right there!

So where to start?

**Step One:** When it comes to word problems, it’s important to keep it simple. So, start with addition within 10 word problems. By the time we teach word problems, our students are fluent with basic facts, particularly in addition within 10. One of the key elements of teaching word problems is building a strong mathematical vocabulary – for example: understanding that altogether means addition, how many left means subtraction etc.

## HOW TO TEACH WORD PROBLEMS TO 2ND GRADERS

Math graphic organizers for word problems are an excellent way for students to explore problem solving in 4 different ways. These graphic organizers are often referred to as math think-boards which are ideal for practicing math strategies for 2nd grade.

These math worksheets require students to read the word problem, write a number sentence, use the inbuilt Ten Frames, build mathematical understanding using concrete materials such as counters or MABs and then draw a picture to problem solve.

**Word Problem Worksheets 2nd Grade**

**The no prep Word Problem Math Graphic Organizers are suitable for:**

- First Grade (for teaching word problems)
- Second Grade (for reviewing word problems)
- Third Grade Support (for math intervention)

** Problem Solve in 4 different ways!**

**What’s included in this printable pack?**

- How to use this resource / Teacher Notes
- Front Cover Page: ‘My Word Problem Book’
- Bunny Number Story
- Pencil Number Story
- Owl Number Story
- Kid Number Story
- Trumpet Number Story
- Violin Number Story
- Challenge! Students create their own number story

**Ideal for:**

- Whole Class Explicit Teaching
- Math Centers
- Math Small Group Targeted Teaching
- Independent work
- Fast Finishers
- Morning Work
- Assessment

**Step 2:**

Once students have got the hang of solving addition within 10 word problems, it’s time to move onto addition within 20 word problems. Once again, it is important that students have the opportunity to problem solve in more than one way and these math graphic organizers do exactly that!

** Word Problems Addition Within 20**

**This above printable resource consists of the following Math Graphic Organizers:**

- How to use this resource / Teacher Notes
- Front Cover Page: ‘My Word Problem Book’
- Carrot Number Story
- Chick Number Story
- Basket Number Story
- Star Number Story
- Balloon Number Story
- Worm Number Story
- Cupcake Number Story
- Shed Number Story
- Challenge! Students create their own number story

**Ideal for:**

- Whole Class Explicit Teaching
- Math Centers
- Math Small Group Targeted Teaching
- Independent work
- Fast Finishers
- Morning Work
- Assessment

**Step 3:**

Next, move to subtraction word problems within 10:

**This printable pack consists of the following contents and Math Think-Boards:**

- How to use this resource / Teacher Notes
- Front Cover Page: ‘My Word Problem Book’
- Crayon Number Story
- Cow Number Story
- Apple Number Story
- Mouse Number Story
- Ball Number Story
- Book Number Story
- Duck Number Story
- Challenge! Students create their own number story

**Ideal for:**

- Whole Class Explicit Teaching
- Math Centers
- Math Small Group Targeted Teaching
- Independent work
- Fast Finishers
- Morning Work
- Assessment

** Subtraction Word Problems within 20**

Are you looking for word problem math games, task cards and printable worksheets that you can use for small groups, rotations or math centers? Then check out this bundle:

** Math Word Problem Games 2nd Grade**

**This BUNDLE is suitable for:**

- First Grade teaching of word problems
- Second Grade review
- Third Grade math intervention

**This bundle consists of the following 2 Math Center Stations:**

**MATH CENTER 1 – KABOOM Word Problem Card Game:**

- 48 addition & subtraction word problem cards
- one-step word problems
- two-step word problems

**How to use this resource:**

- Print cards and place face down in a center pile
- Students can work in pairs or part of a small group
- They take turns in selecting a card and then solving it
- If solved correctly, the student gets to keep the card
- If a student selects a KABOOM card, then all his/her cards go back under the center pile
- The student with the most cards in hand wins!

**MATH CENTER 2 – Addition & Subtraction Task Cards & Worksheets:**

- 30 word problem task cards (two-step and three-step word problems)

- One Addition Vocabulary Poster for display

- One Subtraction Vocabulary Poster for display

- 4 Problem Solving Strategy Posters for displaying on Math Word Wall to scaffold students during math centers

- A printable student
*‘My Working Out Booklet’ with*empowering Growth Mindset quotes on each page to build mathematical confidence

- Student Rubric to provide teachers with quick valuable data

- 2 Problem Solving Think Boards – ideal for
**DIFFERENTIATION**and promoting flexible problem solving in 4 different ways

**MATH CENTER 3: Student Booklet & Problem Solving Strategy Poster**

**10 page printable student booklet:**

- cover page
- 10 addition & subtraction word problems
- Ten Frames with pictures (cut and paste activity)
- a student response sheet
- teacher answers!

**14 math strategy posters:**

- I Can Read Word Problem
- I Can Circle The Numbers
- I Can Underline The Question
- I Can Highlight The Key Words
- I Can Write A Number Sentence
- I Can Draw A Picture
- I Can Use A Ten Frame
- I Can Use A Number Line
- I Can Use My Fingers
- I Can Answer Using Words
- I Can Solve Word Problems (girl image)
- I Can Solve Word Problems (boy image)

**A second set of BW posters:**

A printer-friendly second set of B/W posters for students to color-in and write key math vocabulary and strategies…a great activity interactive math books!

**Math Vocabulary Charts:**

- Word Problem Vocabulary (addition)
- Word Problem Vocabulary (subtraction)

If you’re looking for fun Halloween Math Worksheets, click here!

** Halloween Activities and Craft for October**

Click here to read a blog about ‘The Power of Picture Prompts’ when teaching writing!

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